Juvenile court involvement can have harsh and lasting consequences on the child and the child’s family, often called the “collateral consequences of juvenile adjudications”. These long-term impacts may include the inability to qualify for public housing, loss of secondary and higher education opportunities, loss of career opportunities, the inability to get certain licenses, including a driver’s license, and many others. Currently in Indiana, judges are not required to advise juveniles of these consequences, nor are attorneys.
In 2011, Duke Law School held a symposium on Our Youth at a Crossroad: The Collateral Consequences of Juvenile Adjudications. The Duke Forum for Law and Social Change published a special edition with a compilation of the speakers’ articles about the magnitude of the issues and possible solutions. All of the articles are available here.
Since approximately 2009, the American Bar Association collateral consequences project has been gathering information about national and state-specific consequences. That data, including about Indiana, is available at http://beforeyouplea.com.