Several articles over the last decade have focused on young adults who have Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and their increased likelihood to commit driving errors. When stopped by law enforcement, the symptoms of ADHD/ADD may closely resemble the clues or indicators used by law enforcement in standardized field sobriety tests, such as failure to follow instructions carefully and completely, difficulty sustaining attention to tasks, losing or forgetting important documents (driver’s license, registration, etc.), fidgeting or squirming, talking excessively, blurting out answers before question completed, and starting test before instructions completed. These clues or indicators can result in arrests for Operating While Intoxicated. Resources include:
Amanda L. Thompson, et.al., Risky Driving in Adolescents and Young Adults with Childhood ADHD, 32 J. Pediatr. Psych. 745 (2007).
Mark L. Wolraich, et.al., Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents: A Review of the Diagnosis, Treatment, and Clinical Implications, 115 Pediatrics 1734 (2005).
The following articles may require subscriptions or fees:
Russell A. Barkley and Daniel Cox, A Review of Driving Risks and Impairments Associated with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and the Effects of Stimulant Medication on Driving Performance, 38 J. Safety Res. 113 (2006).
Russell A. Barkley, et.al., Driving in Youth Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Knowledge, Performance, Adverse Outcomes, and the Role of Executive Functioning, 8(5) J. Int’l Neuropsychological Soc’y 655 (2002).
M. Fischer, R.A. Barkley, et.al., Hyperactive Children as Adults: Driving Behavior, Safe Driving Abilities, and Adverse Driving Outcomes, 39 Accident Analysis & Prevention 94 (2007).
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Driving Histories of ADHD Subjects, 29 Annals of Emerging Medicine 546 (1997).