Check out an interesting article addressing school discipline at Lincoln High School in Walla Walla, Washington, based in part on the CDC’s Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study). The result was a dramatic decrease in out-of-school suspensions.
The ACE study measured ten common types of childhood trauma: emotional, sexual, and physical abuse, emotional and physical neglect, a parent addicted to alcohol or drugs, seeing a mother being abused, a family member in prison, a family member diagnosed with a mental illness, and an absent parent. The students who have complex trauma — multiple types of childhood trauma — can have post-traumatic stress disorder and be difficult to handle when they react to stressful situations. The school helps the children deal with and control their stress responses and then participate in the discipline process.
Links to the ACE study, ACE surveys, and other key information (like the Children’s Resilience Initiative) are contained within the article.