Interviewing children can be challenging for a whole host of reasons, including language and competency issues, mental health challenges, cultural differences. Children do not have the same concept of time, and may use pronouns in a different way than adults, which can lead to confusion during interviews. However, all of the participants in the juvenile justice system must work with children and have to try to ensure that the child understands what is happening and that the child’s story is accurately told.
The third edition of the Handbook on Questioning Children: A Linguistic Perspective by Anne Graffam Walker, et. al, is being released this month, and is available here.
The CASA of Arizona has an interesting website with tips for interviewing children, including using art, games, and activities during the interview.