A “school resource officer” means, in part, an individual who is:
(A) employed by a law enforcement agency;
(B) appointed as a police reserve officer or as a special deputy if the police reserve officer or special duty: (i) is subject to the direction of the sheriff or appointing law enforcement agency; (ii) is required to obey the rules and orders of the sheriff’s department or appointing law enforcement agency; (iii) is required to complete all training required of regular full-time law enforcement officers employed by the sheriff’s department or appointing law enforcement agency; and (iv) may be removed by the sheriff or appointing law enforcement agency at any time, with or without cause; or
(C) a school corporation police officer appointed under IC 20-26-16-3.
Before being appointed as a school resource officer, an individual must have:
- successfully completed the minimum training requirements established for law enforcement officers under IC 5-2-1-9; and
- received at least forty (40) hours of school resource officer training through: (A) the Indiana law enforcement training board established by IC 5-2-1-3; (B) the National Association of School Resource Officers; or (C) another school resource officer training program approved by the Indiana law enforcement training board.
This increasing merging of school resource officer with law enforcement will likely result in increased legal challenges to actions by school resource officers, such as searches, seizures, and interrogations.